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发布日期:2021年11月27日
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padding-left:2px;">您现在所在的位置?a href="http://jkdwf.com/tornoijzbznv.html">网站首页 </a>>> 行业动?/td> </tr> <tr> <td style=" padding:10px 0px;"><table width="95%" align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="60" align="center" valign="middle" class="tit"><h4><strong>生态环境损害怎么赔?一起来?/strong></h4></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="black" id="fontzoom" align="left"><div style="line-height: 150%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">危废违规填埋、企业偷排污水、突发环境事?hellip;…损害生态环境事件时有发生?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">以往,由于制度缺失等原因,违法企业或个人只受到行政或刑事处罚,并不对环境损害进行赔偿和修复,后续损失大多由群众和政府承担,造成“企业污染、群众受害、政府埋?rdquo;?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">为破解这一“困局”,我国自2016年起逐步试点推广生态环境损害赔偿制度,明确对造成生态环境损害的责任人,除依法追究刑事或行政责任外,还追索因其行为导致的赔偿和修复责任,叫响“环境有价,损害担?rdquo;?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">辽宁省于2018?月制定实施方案,启动生态环境损害赔偿制度改革。截至目前,全省生态环境损害赔偿案件数量达?06个,结案55个,赔偿总金?475余万元?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">今年元月正式实施的《中华人民共和国民法典》,?ldquo;侵权责任”第七章中明确了环境污染和生态破坏责任,其中?234条规定,“违反国家规定造成生态环境损害,生态环境能够修复的,国家规定的机关或者法律规定的组织有权请求侵权人在合理期限内承担修复责任。侵权人在期限内未修复的,国家规定的机关或者法律规定的组织可以自行或者委托他人进行修复,所需费用由侵权人负担?rdquo;这从法理上明确了环境违法企业或个人应该承担的民事责任?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">生态环境损害赔偿制度在辽宁省推行的效果如何?推进过程中遇到了哪些问题?下一步如何更好地在全省全面铺开?请看本报调查?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><strong><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span></strong><strong><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">赔偿”不是目的,意?ldquo;修复”</span></strong></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">你瞧这山,这一个大坑都是采矿留下的,现在已经尽量做到了回填和植被修复?rdquo;在海城市孤山满族自治镇叶家隈村,记者跟随镇政府工作人员沿村路走上附近的山头,来到一处矿山修复现场?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">这一处主要是德金矿业的作业区,这家公司从2013年开始从事萤石矿开采,现在已经停产退出?rdquo;镇政府工作人员介绍,因为当地萤石矿资源丰富,曾有包括德金矿业在内?家矿山企业进行开采作业,长期的矿山开采,对当地的生态环境造成了严重破坏。白云山省级自然保护区成立后,这8家矿山企业也在保护区内,按照清理整顿要求全部进行了清退?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">企业清退了,环境责任不能清退。当地自然资源部门与企业达成协议,利用企业预缴的矿山地质环境治理恢复保证金,由企业聘请第三方专业修复公司,启动实施生态修复。德金矿业对采场斜坡区、排岩场斜坡区、平台区、道路区均实施了植被恢复,修复总面?469平米,种植林?000余株,修复工作于2020?月基本完成?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">在这起典型案例中,企业主动实施生态修复行为,履行了环保责任,可以称之?ldquo;看得?rdquo;的修复。在生态损害赔偿案例中,还有更?ldquo;看不?rdquo;的破坏和修复?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">渤海之滨,辽东湾畔,在位于营口市老边区的五矿营口中板有限责任公司(以下简?ldquo;五矿营钢”),记者跟随当地环保工作人员一道乘车参观,只见厂区道路干净整洁,道路两侧绿化层次分明,企业呈现出一派欣欣向荣的景象?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">前几年可不是这样,企业这几年真是下了大力气改善厂区环境,变化真是太大了?rdquo;营口市生态环境局综合科科长杨坤对以前来厂区开展工作时的场景记忆犹新?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">面对记者的采访,五矿营钢环保处处长杨刚非常欢迎?ldquo;我不认为这是‘曝光’,相反,正是中央环保督察和生态损害赔偿制度的出台,加速了企业的绿色转型?rdquo;杨刚一语中的?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">2014</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">年至2018年,五矿营钢因环保设施不齐全等问题,多次受到环保处罚。在2019年中央环保督察组现场检查时,新1?300立方米高炉出铁过程中存在烟尘无组织排放,被生态环境部作为典型案例通报?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">痛定思痛,坚决整改。这几年,五矿营钢累计投?.26亿元,实施环保技改项?60余项,各类污染物均实现达标排放?019?0月还专门投入2750万元,对现有新一?300立方米高炉出铁场除尘进行扩容改造,同时举一反三,对新二?300立方米高炉出铁场除尘同步进行扩容改造,2020?月底已经投入运行,高炉出铁口实现了全封闭,外排烟气颗粒物达到超低排放标准,彻底解决了烟尘无组织排放问题?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">杨刚告诉记者,如今?ldquo;超低排放”一词已成为公司每次开会的“高频?rdquo;。公司规划投?7亿元,力争在2022年完成全部超低排放改造,并达到长流程钢铁企业环保绩效B级水平。杨刚表示,未来?ldquo;绿色”将成为五矿营钢提升产业竞争力的重要指标?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">正是由于环保意识的提升,让五矿营钢在已经缴纳行政处罚且罚款的情况下,能够积极面对生态损害赔偿?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">大气污染属移过性,不具备修复条件,因此,这一类生态损害赔偿案件主要以企业支付赔偿金形式履行修复义务。营口市生态环境局计划在生态损害赔偿制度改革中探索多种修复形式,毕竟,支付赔偿金不是目的,促使企业积极履行生态保护的社会责任和义务才是最终目的?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">目前我们已委托省生态环境保护科技中心损害鉴定评估所,对五矿营钢超排污染物治理成本进行专业核算,形成修复和赔偿方案后,将与企业进行磋商?rdquo;杨坤表示?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">采访中,省生态环境厅负责生态损害赔偿工作的陈旭向记者坦言,就目前实践来看,并不是所有企业都能像五矿营钢一样,对生态损害赔偿认识到位,积极配合并主动履行赔偿责任。一些企业会误以为,自己已经被行政处罚过,不应再承担生态损害赔偿义务。其实,企业承担行政或刑事责任,并不影响企业履行民事责任。这说明我们对生态损害赔偿制度的宣传还不够,企业主动担责的意识亟待提升?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><strong><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">制度推行,有赖于专业化鉴定及合理的磋?/span></strong></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">鉴定评估是生态环境损害赔偿的关键前提?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">今年1?日,生态环境部办公厅在网站发出的《关于组织申报第三批生态环境损害鉴定评估机构的通知》,辽宁作为公安机关建议增加鉴定评估机构?个省份之一,被纳入其中?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">我省已有3家单位入选国家生态环境损害赔偿鉴定评估机构推荐名录,目前来看,基本可以满足全省的鉴定评估需求?rdquo;陈旭介绍?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">省生态环境保护科技中心损害鉴定评估所工作人员做实?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">省生态环境保护科技中心损害鉴定评估所所长汪德生告诉记者,《辽宁省生态环境损害赔偿制度改革实施方案》明确提出,要规范生态环境损害鉴定评估,加快推进生态环境损害鉴定评估专业力量建设,推动组建符合条件的专业评估队伍?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">生态环境损害鉴定门槛很高。鉴定评估机构应当具备开展污染物理化性质鉴定、损害类型与范围鉴定、因果关系鉴定、环境损害程度鉴定、治理恢复方案制定和损害数额量化等复杂鉴定评估工作的能力?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">汪德生所在的单位?016年入选生态环境部环境损害鉴定评估推荐机构名录,是我省第一家入选全国名录的机构?017年又通过省司法厅评审登记,成为我省第一家具有环境损害司法鉴定资质的机构?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">目前辽宁案例涉及大气污染、土壤地下水和水污染的比较多,五矿营钢就是典型涉及大气污染的损害赔偿案例,还有一些企业非法填埋危险废物,或者污水处理厂由于种种原因超标排放,对水体造成污染的案例?rdquo;汪德生介绍?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">无论是损害调查因果关系判定,还是环境损害量化,都需要专业的团队开展环境损害调查,对环境空气、地表水、土壤和地下水等不同的环境要素开展样品采集与检测分析工作。对于事实清楚的一般性生态损害,有专家给出评估意见即可,而时间较长、影响较大,相对复杂的生态损害,则需要由鉴定机构开展专业鉴定评估?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">汪德生告诉记者,辽宁已经出台了《生态环境损害鉴定评估管理办法(试行)》,明确了生态环境损害鉴定评估的适用范围、主要领域、主要内容、主要原则和相关要求?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">难度比较大的,是鉴定证据比较难获取?rdquo;汪德生说,涉及大气环境、地下水环境损害的事件,证据相对难以固定?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">以突发水污染事件为例,由于污染物随水流迁移,受时空分布影响,污染的范围及浓度变化较大,若无法在事故初期及时有效开展工作,污染物的扩散情况就无法被精准掌握,后期评估过程和评估结论难免会受到一定影响?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">再比如,大气环境损害影响往往是一个长期过程。有些案件缺少有效的在线监测数据,污染物从开始排放,到发现环境损害,往往己经持续了相当长一段时间,到底造成了多大程度的损害,这些证据也较难精准获取?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">目前,汪德生正带领团队对五矿营钢大气污染超标排放事件进行评估,综合分析在线监测数据,生产工况以及企业超标排放情况,采用虚拟治理成本法测算,评估报告已完成?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">当然,有了评估报告,也不意味着企业就会全盘接受,这需要赔偿权利人和义务人就最后达成赔偿协议开展磋商?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">磋商一定要合理开展,进行全方位考量?rdquo;杨坤表示,五矿营钢有积极履行环保减排责任的具体行动,如在4号烧结机达标运行的情况下,主动增设脱硝设施,对全市氮氧化物减排做出了积极贡献,近年来,不断加大厂区的绿化投入,并提前实施超低排放改造等各项积极的做法,都会在与企业的磋商中予以充分的考虑?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">值得一提的是,积极履行赔偿义务,对企业和赔偿义务人也是有益处的。杨坤告诉记者,如果赔偿义务人主动消除或者减轻违法行为危害后果,积极参与磋商,履行赔偿协议,根据《行政处罚法》可以依法从轻或者减轻行政处罚。对于一些构成刑事犯罪的,赔偿协议履行情况也可提供给司法机关作量罚参考?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">汪德生表示,随着生态损害赔偿案件的增多,专业力量不足等问题也凸显出来。此外,鉴定周期长、鉴定费用高也是面临的实际问题?ldquo;环境损害鉴定评估涉及面广,申请鉴定事项千差万别,部分案件不确定性较多,可复制性较低,由于很多鉴定案件需要进行地质勘察、分析检测工作,而这些工作都需要一定的周期和程序,所以会出现部分案件鉴定周期相对较长、经费较高的现象?rdquo;</span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">同陈旭一样,汪德生也认为,目前最迫切的问题是急须加强对生态损害赔偿制度的宣导?ldquo;生态损害赔偿对很多企业来讲还是一个新生事物,目前,更多针对的是既往案例,这项工作常态化铺开后,每个涉及生态损害的案件都应进行民事追责,做到应赔尽赔?rdquo;</span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><strong><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">常态化推进,还需加强横向联动纵向沟?/span></strong></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">经过近三年的试点,辽宁省生态环境损害赔偿案件数量已达到106件,其中结案55件,赔偿总金额达3475万元?/span>3D肉薄团 3D肉薄团最新章节免费阅读 3D肉薄团 3D肉薄团最新章节免费阅读 ,国模冰冰炮交图片 国模冰冰炮交图片最新章节免费在线 国模冰冰炮交图片 国模冰冰炮交图片最新章节免费在线 </div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">陈旭介绍?5件已结案案件中,磋商解决28件,诉讼解决27件。也就是说,有一半的案件通过磋商得到解决。在鉴定评估方面?5件已结案件中,有36件委托评估机构进行了鉴定评估,数量接近三分之二。这也说明了专业鉴定和开展磋商,对推动生态损害赔偿的重要性?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">从修复效果来看,已结案件中,已完成修复土?134.93万立方米,修复地下水0.0028万立方米,修复地表水20.11万立方米,清理处置固体废?.32万立方米,达到了较好的生态修复效果?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">自今年起,生态损害赔偿制度将在我省常态化推进。陈旭表示,随着《民法典》的实施,我省将把三年改革成果固化为长效机制,长期坚持下去,把损害赔偿作为生态环境治理的一项基本制度?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">首先是对线索搜集的常态化?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">现在的案例大多为中央生态环保督察反馈的线索,以及各市日常执法发现的线索,案件数量还不是很多?rdquo;陈旭认为,要真正发挥生态损害赔偿制度的作用,仅靠生态环境部门的力量是远远不够的,加强各部门之间的横向联动和系统内部的纵向沟通,十分必要?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">生态环境部门应横向协调自然资源、水利、农业农村等单位配合,强化与公安、法院、检察院等单位业务衔接,着力在信息共享、线索移送等方面建立长效机制,积极推动案例启动。同时,要加强纵向业务沟通,确保各市生态环境损害案例办理工作推进有序、依法合规?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">更重要的是保证制度的执行?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">实际工作中,一些赔偿义务人总是抱有侥幸心理,即使签订了赔偿协议,也不积极履行,总想“拖黄”了事。因此,生态环境部门也要和公检法部门紧密配合,确保赔偿义务人履行赔偿责任,及时对生态环境进行有效修复?/span></div> <div style="line-height: 150%; widows: 2; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 18pt; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">“</span><span style="line-height: 150%; color: black; font-size: 10.5pt">下一步,我们将进一步完善省级层面制度体系,把损害赔偿工作纳入省级生态环保督察的重要内容,健全源头预防、过程控制、损害赔偿、责任追究的生态环保体系,用最严格的制度、最严密的法治保护生态环境,从源头上减少生态损害事件发生?rdquo;陈旭说?/span></div> <div style="widows: 2; orphans: 2; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial"> </div></td> </tr> <tr align="left"> <td> 上一篇:<a href="http://jkdwf.com/oazwkydqa.html">依法治污迈上新台?/a><br />  下一篇:<a href="http://jkdwf.com/qgkvxlyaxczof.html">海南强化生活垃圾焚烧发电厂环境管?/a> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table></td> </tr> </table></td> </tr> </table></td> </tr> <tr> <td><img src="/templates/default/images/22.jpg" width="951" height="17" /></td> </tr> <tr> <td height="12"></td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <table width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" bgcolor="#075FA7"> <tr> <td><table width="1006" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="lianjie2"> <tr> <td height="111" colspan="3" valign="top" style=" background:url(/templates/default/images/38.jpg) no-repeat;"><table width="92%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tr> <td width="33%"> </td> <td width="67%"> </td> <td width="0%"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td align="right">© 1996-2013 河南大河水处理有限公?版权所?br /> 电话: 0371-60958111 传真:0371-60958111-6666<br /> 地址: 郑州市农业路72号国际企业中心B?9层西<br /> <a href="http://jkdwf.com/heqfmqvhxoye.html">豫ICP?3003449?1</a> </td> <td> </td> </tr> </table></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="763" bgcolor="#075FA7" style=" padding:5px 10px; 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